Séminaire Gaston Darboux

Le vendredi 15 avril 2016 à 11:15 - salle 430

Dong Han Kim
A new complexity function of repetition and irrationality exponents

We introduce and study a new complexity function in combinatorics on words, which takes into account the smallest return time of a factor of an infinite word. We characterize the eventually periodic words and the Sturmian words by means of this function. Then, we establish a new result on repetitions in Sturmian words and show that it is best possible. We deduce a lower bound for the irrationality exponent of real numbers whose sequence of b-ary digits is a Sturmian sequence over {0,1,...,b-1} and we prove that this lower bound is best possible. If the irrationality exponent of $\xi$ is equal to 2 or slightly greater than 2, then the b-ary expansion of $\xi$ cannot be `too simple', in a suitable sense. Our result applies, among other classical numbers, to badly approximable numbers, non-zero rational powers of $e$, and $\log(1+1/a)$, provided that the integer a is sufficiently large. It establishes an unexpected connection between the irrationality exponent of a real number and its b-ary expansion. This is joint work with Yann Bugeaud.



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